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         EMS Profession - General Info
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Paramedicine
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  The EMS Professions diploma is an entry level for the Paramedicine program. Upon completion of the EMS Professions diploma, students will also earn the Emergency Medical Technician and Advanced Emergency Medical Technician certificates, and will be able to fluidly move into the paramedicine program at the diploma level. Successful completion of the program allows the graduate to take the National Registry of Emergency Medical Technicians AEMT certification examination and to apply for Georgia licensure as an AEMT. The primary focus of the Advanced Emergency Medical Technician is to provide basic and limited advanced emergency medical care and transportation for critical and emergent patients who access the emergency medical system. This individual possesses the basic knowledge and skills necessary to provide patient care and transportation. Advanced Emergency Medical Technicians function as part of a comprehensive EMS response, under medical oversight. Advanced Emergency Medical Technicians perform interventions with the basic and advanced equipment typically found on an ambulance. The Advanced Emergency Medical Technician is a link from the scene to the emergency health care system.

Prior to beginning clinical/internship courses, students must order and pay for a background check and meet background check screening requirements as required by the clinical facility. Cost is approximately $50. The EMT programs require an orientation and a review of education, work experience, and credentials.

The Emergency Medical Technician certificate program prepares students to provide basic emergency medical care and transportation for critical and emergent patients who access the emergency medical system. This individual possesses the basic knowledge and skills necessary to provide patient care and transportation. Emergency Medical Technicians function as part of a comprehensive EMS response, under medical oversight. Emergency Medical Technicians perform interventions with the basic equipment typically found on an ambulance. The Emergency Medical Technician is a link from the scene to the emergency health care system. Successful completion of the program allows the graduate to take the National Registry of Emergency Medical Technicians EMT certification examination and apply for Georgia licensure as an EMT. Criminal background checks are required based on the requirements for participation in clinical experiences.

The Advanced Emergency Medical Technician certificate program prepares students to provide basic and limited advanced emergency medical care and transportation for critical and emergent patients who access the emergency medical system. This individual possesses the basic knowledge and skills necessary to provide patient care and transportation. Advanced Emergency Medical Technicians function as part of a comprehensive EMS response, under medical oversight. Advanced Emergency Medical Technicians perform interventions with the basic and advanced equipment typically found on an ambulance. The Advanced Emergency Medical Technician is a link from the scene to the emergency health care system. Successful completion of the program allows the graduate to take the National Registry of Emergency Medical Technicians AEMT certification examination and apply for Georgia licensure as an AEMT.

Transition from EMT-Intermediate to AEMT (Advanced Emergency Medical Technician

By taking the AEMT certificate program, students who currently hold a valid EMT-Intermediate license may upgrade their knowledge and skills to the current Advanced Emergency Medical TEchnician (AEMT)level. To achieve this certification level, students must qualify and enroll in the AEMT certificate program. Successful completion of the program allows the graduate to take the National Registry of EMTs AEMT certification examination and apply for Georgia licensure as an AEMT.

The Paramedicine program prepares students for employment in paramedic positions in today's health services field. The program provides learning opportunities that introduce, develop, and reinforce academic and occupational knowledge, skills, and attitudes required for job acquisition, retention, and advancement and provides opportunities to upgrade present knowledge and skills from the EMT-I/AEMT level to the paramedic level. The paramedic program is approved by the Georgia Department of Public Health, Office of EMS and Trauma and is accredited by the Commission on Accreditation of Allied Health Education Programs (CAAHEP) upon recommendation of the Committee on Accreditation for Educational Programs for the Emergency Medical Services Profession (CoAEMSP). The paramedic program was established at Lanier Tech in 1983 and has developed clinical partnerships with nine of the areas EMS agencies, Northeast Georgia Health Systems, The Longstreet Clinic and Children’s Healthcare of Atlanta. The clinical opportunities provided to students are both extensive and rewarding and allow the graduates to feel confident in their new roles as a paramedic. The program has experienced staff and utilizes many guest speakers who are subject matter experts to provide a solid academic foundation, and the laboratory equipment allows students for extensive opportunities to reinforce their knowledge. The medical director is a board certified emergency physician with over 10 years of clinical practice who also has prior experience as an EMS provider. She is currently serving as the Region 2 EMS medical director and has involvement with the student’s education both in the classroom and in clinical settings. The program has had a 100% pass rate on licensure exams since its inception in 1983 and since 2009 has had a 100% first time pass rate on National Registry of EMT’s written and practical exams, with over 150 students having tested since that time. It has had a 100% positive placement rate and currently the three-year average retention rate is 64.8%.
View the Paramedicine program statistics.

Additional Entrance Requirments for Paramedic diploma or degree:
Prior to beginning the Paramedicine diploma or degree, students must provide documentation of current EMT-I/AEMT Certification (EMT level certification will be admitted on a case by case basis.)

Due to the intensive nature of the program it is recommended that all general education course work be completed before the start of the Paramedic program.

Prior to beginning clinical/internship courses, students must order and pay for a background check and meet background check screening requirements as required by the clinical facilities. Cost is approximately $50. Students will also be required to provide a certificate of health from their health care provider and vaccination records as required by clinical sites. Further details on the background check and medical documentation can be provided during advisement and details will be provided on the first day of class.

 
Program Requirements  
 
 

Sample Graduation Plans
 
 
 
 
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Frequently Asked Questions

When are students accepted into the Programs?
Students are accepted through-out the year for all Programs to begin their pre-requisites.
 


Where are the Programs taught and when do they start?
Oakwood and Forsyth- EMT courses start Spring Semester (January) 2015.  Paramedic program is only taught on the Oakwood campus. Both EMT and Paramedic programs require pre-requisite courses, which must be completed before beginning EMSP courses. The next Paramedicine courses will start Fall Semester 2014 (August.)Next year's class will begin Spring Semester (January) 2016. The school accepts students each semester into the college and assigns them to the specific program to begin the pre-requisite courses.


When do the classes meet?
Oakwood Paramedic - Mon-Thurs 9AM-6PM (on a shift friendly schedule)
Oakwood EMT - Two nights per week 6PM-10:30 PM
Forsyth EMT - Two days per week 10AM-3:30 PM

Where are clinicals held?
Northeast Georgia Health System, AMR-DeKalb, Gwinnett Fire & EMS, Habersham County EMS, Hall County Fire & EMS, National EMS, CHOA, Longstreet Clinic, Rural Metro Ambulance, Walton County EMS, and White County EMS.

When are clinicals?
It varies depending on the clinical site and the course. Most EMS clinicals are day shift.


Click (+) on the following topics for more information:
Significant Points [+]

  • Employment is projected to grow as fast as the average for all occupations.
  • Emergency medical technicians and paramedics need formal training and certification or licensure, but requirements vary by State.
  • Emergency services function 24 hours a day, so emergency medical technicians and paramedics have irregular working hours.
  • Opportunities will be best for those who have earned advanced certifications.



  • Program Instructors [+]

      Bridget Rigby  
      Lead Paramedic
      Oakwood Campus
      brigby@laniertech.edu
      Phone: (770) 533-6957


      Eron Sunshine  
      Paramedicine Instructor
      Oakwood Campus
      esunshine@laniertech.edu
      Phone: (770) 533-6987





    Nature of the Work [+]

    People's lives often depend on the quick reaction and competent care of emergency medical technicians (EMTs) and paramedics. Incidents as varied as automobile accidents, heart attacks, slips and falls, childbirth, and gunshot wounds require immediate medical attention. EMTs and paramedics provide this vital service as they care for and transport the sick or injured to a medical facility.

    In an emergency, EMTs and paramedics are typically dispatched by a 911 operator to the scene, where they often work with police and fire fighters. Once they arrive, EMTs and paramedics assess the nature of the patient's condition, while trying to determine whether the patient has any pre-existing medical conditions. Following protocols and guidelines, they provide emergency care and transport the patient to a medical facility. EMTs and paramedics operate in emergency medical services systems where a physician provides medical direction and oversight. EMTs and paramedics use special equipment, such as backboards, to immobilize patients before placing them on stretchers and securing them in the ambulance for transport to a medical facility. These workers generally work in teams. During the transport of a patient, one EMT or paramedic drives, while the other monitors the patient's vital signs and gives additional care, as needed. Some paramedics work as part of a helicopter's flight crew to quickly transport critically ill or injured patients to hospital trauma centers.

    At the medical facility, EMTs and paramedics help transfer patients to the emergency department, report their observations and actions to emergency department staff, and may provide additional emergency treatment. After each run, EMTs and paramedics document the trip, replace used supplies and check equipment. If a transported patient has a contagious disease, EMTs and paramedics decontaminate the interior of the ambulance and report cases to the proper authorities.

    EMTs and paramedics also provide transportation for patients from one medical facility to another, particularly if they work for private ambulance services. Patients often need to be transferred to a hospital that specializes in treating their injury or illness or to facility that provides long-term care, like nursing homes.

    Beyond these general duties, the specific responsibilities of EMTs and paramedics depend on their level of qualification and training. The National Registry of Emergency Medical Technicians (NREMT) certifies emergency medical service providers at four levels: Emergency Medical Responder, Emergency Medical Technician, Advanced Emergency Medical Technician, and Paramedic. Some States, however, have their own certification programs and use distinct names and titles.

    The EMT represents the first response of the emergency medical system. An EMT trained at this level is prepared to care for patients at the scene of an accident and while transporting patients by ambulance to the hospital under the direction of more highly trained medical personnel. The EMT has the emergency skills to assess a patient's condition and manage respiratory, cardiac, and trauma emergencies. The AEMT has more advanced training. However, the specific tasks that those certified at this level are allowed to perform varies greatly from state to state.
    Paramedics provide more extensive pre-hospital care than do EMT/AEMTs. In additional to carrying out the procedures of the other levels, paramedics administer medications orally and intravenously, interpret electrocardiograms (EKGs,) perform and endotracheal intubations, and use monitors and other complex equipment. However, like the AEMT level, what paramedics are permitted to do vary by state.



    Work Environment [+]

    EMTs and paramedics work both indoors and out, in all types of weather. They are required to do considerable kneeling, bending, and heavy lifting. These workers are at a higher risk for contracting illnesses or experiencing injuries on the job than workers in other occupations. They risk noise-induced hearing loss from sirens and back injuries from lifting patients. In addition, EMTs and paramedics may be exposed to communicable diseases, such as hepatitis-B and AIDS, as well as to violence from mentally unstable or combative patients. The work is not only physically strenuous but can be stressful, sometimes involving life-or-death situations and suffering patients. Nonetheless, many people find the work exciting and challenging and enjoy the opportunity to help others. These workers experienced a larger than average number of work-related injuries or illnesses.

    Many EMTs and paramedics are required to work more than 40 hours a week. Because emergency services function 24 hours a day, EMTs and paramedics may have irregular working hours.




    Training, Other Qualifications, and Advancement [+]

    Generally, a high school diploma is required to enter a training program to become an EMT or paramedic. Workers must complete a formal training and certification process.

    Education and training. A high school diploma is usually required to enter a formal emergency medical technician training program. Training is offered at progressive levels: EMT, AEMT, and Paramedic.

    At the EMT level, coursework emphasizes emergency skills, such as managing respiratory, trauma, and cardiac emergencies, and patient assessment. Formal courses are often combined with time in an emergency department or ambulance. The program provides instruction and practice in dealing with bleeding, fractures, airway obstruction, cardiac arrest, and emergency childbirth. Students learn how to use and maintain common emergency equipment, such as backboards, suction devices, splints, oxygen delivery systems, and stretchers. Graduates of approved EMT training programs must pass a written and practical examination administered by the NREMT.

    At the AEMT level, training requirements vary by State. The nationally defined level typically require 30 to 350 hours of training based on scope of practice. Students learn advanced skills such the use of advanced airway devices, intravenous fluids, and some medications.

    The most advanced level of training for this occupation is Paramedic. At this level, the caregiver receives training in anatomy and physiology as well as advanced medical skills. Most commonly, the training is conducted in community colleges and technical schools and may result in an associate's degree. These programs may take up to one to two years. Such education prepares the graduate to take the NREMT examination to become certified as a Paramedic. Extensive related coursework and clinical and field experience is required. Refresher courses and continuing education are available for EMTs and paramedics at all levels.

    Beginning January 1, 2013 all initial Paramedic applicants seeking NREMT’s National EMS Certification at the Paramedic level must have successfully completed education from an accredited program or one that is seeking accreditation sponsored by the Commission on Accreditation of Allied Health Education Programs (CAAHEP).

    Licensure. All 50 States require EMTs and Paramedics to be licensed, but the levels and titles vary from State to State. In most States and the District of Columbia certification by the NREMT is required at some or all levels. Some States administer their own certification examination or provide the option of taking either the NREMT or State examination. In most States, licensure renewal is required every two to three years and generally, EMTs and Paramedics must take refresher training courses or complete continuing education requirements. Many States restrict licensure based on an individual’s criminal history.

    Other qualifications. EMTs and paramedics should be emotionally stable, have good dexterity, agility, and physical coordination, and be able to lift and carry heavy loads. They also need good eyesight (corrective lenses may be used) with accurate color vision. Most employers require a criminal background check.



    Certification and advancement. Paramedics can become supervisors, operations managers, administrative directors, or executive directors of emergency services. Some EMTs and paramedics become instructors, dispatchers, or physician assistants; others move into sales or marketing of emergency medical equipment. A number of people become EMTs and paramedics to test their interest in healthcare before training as registered nurses, physicians, or other health workers.




    Job Outlook [+]

    Employment for EMTs and paramedics is expected to grow about as fast as the average for all occupations through 2018. Job prospects should be good, particularly in cities and private ambulance services.

    Job prospects should be favorable. Many job openings will arise from growth and from the need to replace workers who leave the occupation because of the limited potential for advancement, as well as the modest pay and benefits in private-sector jobs. In addition, full-time paid EMTs and paramedics will be needed to replace unpaid volunteers. Emergency medical service agencies find it increasingly difficult to recruit and retain unpaid volunteers because of the amount of training and the large time commitment these positions require. As a result, more paid EMTs and paramedics are needed.

    Competition will be greater for jobs in local government, including fire, police, and independent third-service rescue squad departments that tend to have better salaries and benefits. EMTs and paramedics who have advanced education and certifications should enjoy the most favorable job prospects, as clients and patients demand higher levels of care before arriving at the hospital.



    Employment change. Employment of emergency medical technicians and paramedics is expected to grow 9 percent between 2012 and 2018, which is about as fast as the average for all occupations. Growth in this occupation is due in large part to increasing call volume due to aging population. As a large segment of the population—aging members of the baby boom generation—becomes more likely to have medical emergencies, demand will increase for EMTs and paramedics. In addition, the time that EMTs and paramedics must spend with each patient is increasing as emergency departments across the country are experiencing overcrowding. As a result, when an ambulance arrives, it takes longer to transfer the patient from the care of the EMTs and paramedics to the staff of the emergency department. In addition, some emergency departments divert ambulances to other hospitals when they are too busy to take on new patients. As a result, ambulances may not be able to go to the nearest hospital, which increases the amount of time spent in transit. Both these factors result in EMTs and paramedics spending more time with each patient, which means more workers are needed to meet demand.

    In addition, hospitals are increasingly specializing in treating a particular illness or injury. This results in more patients needing to be transferred to the hospital best able to treat them. Most patients must be transferred by ambulance, so their condition can be monitored en route. Therefore, more demand for transfers between hospitals increases the demand for the services of EMTs and paramedics.

    There also still will be demand for part-time, volunteer EMTs and paramedics in rural areas and smaller metropolitan areas.



       
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